50 Từ vựng thường xuyên xuất hiện trong bài thi IELTS

Từ vựng là một trong những yếu tố chính quyết định bạn có làm tốt bài thi hay không. Hôm nay hãy cùng chúng mình tìm hiểu 50 từ vựng thường xuyên xuất hiện trong bài thi IELTS nhé!

1.     fragrant (adj): having a pleasant or sweet smell Cinnamon is a sweet, fragrant spice.
2.     biblical (adj): relating to or based on the Bible Cinnamon was known in biblical times, and is mentioned in several books of the Bible.
3.     condiment (n): a substance, such as salt, that you add to food to improve its taste The ability to purchase an expensive condiment.
4.     exotic (adj): unusual and exciting because of coming a distant foreign country an expensive condiment from the exotic’ East.
5.     at someone’s disposal (phr): available to be used by someone At a banquet, a host would offer guests a plate with various spices piled upon it as a sign of the wealth at his or her disposal.
6.     the elite (n): the richest, most powerful, best-educated, or best-trained group in a society The European middle classes began to desire the lifestyle of the elite, including their consumption of spices.
7.     merchant (n): a person or business that buys and sells goods At that time, cinnamon was transported by Arab merchants.
8.     monopoly (n): complete control of an area of business The English arrived on Ceylon, thereby displacing the Dutch from their control of the cinnamon monopoly.
9.     exorbitant (adj): unreasonably high Because Venice had a virtual monopoly of the trade, the Venetians could set the price of cinnamon exorbitantly high.
10.  cultivation (n): the process of growing crops or plants Before Europeans arrived on the island, the state had organized the cultivation of cinnamon.
11.  ethnic (adj): relating to a particular race of people People belonging to the ethnic group called the Salagama would peel the bark off young shoots of the cinnamon plant in the rainy season.
12.  enslave (v): to make someone a slave When the Portuguese arrived, they enslaved many other members of the Ceylonese native population.
13.  ally yourself to/with sb (phr): to start to support someone The Dutch allied themselves with Kandy, an inland kingdom on Ceylon.
14.  expel (v): to force someone to leave a school, organization, or country By 1658, the Dutch had permanently expelled the Portuguese from the island.
15.  lucrative (adj): producing a lot of money gaining control of the lucrative cinnamon trade
16.  appetite (n): the feeling that you want to eat food Europe’s ever-increasing appetite for cinnamon
17.  supersede (v): to replace something, especially something older or more old-fashioned The spice trade overall was superseded by the rise of trade in coffee, tea.
18.     reinforce (v): to make stronger reinforce the bonds between prairie voles
19.     trigger (v): to cause something to start triggers the motherly behaviour
20.     empathetic (adj): showing an ability to understand and share the feelings of another One sniff of oxytocin can make a person more trusting, empathetic, generous and cooperative.
21.     emerge (v): to appear, to come out of something Oxytocin’s role in human behaviour first emerged in 2005.
22.     groundbreaking (adj): using new methods, innovative in a groundbreaking experiment.
23.     placebo (n): a substance that is not medicine but that a patient who is taking it believes is medicine, and so they get better The team found that participants who had sniffed oxytocin via a nasal spray beforehand invested more money than those who received a placebo instead.
24.     charitable (adj): kind, and not judging other people in a severe way People become more charitable, better at reading emotions on others’ faces.
25.     fuel (v): to make something increase or become stronger The results fuelled the view that oxytocin universally enhanced the positive aspects of our social nature.
26.     disposition (n): the particular type of character that a person naturally has a person’s disposition
27. conduct (v): to organize and perform a particular activity studies conducted by Carolyn DeClerck of the University of Antwerp, Belgium
28. favouritism (n): the practice of giving unfair preferential treatment to one person or group Volunteers given oxytocin showed favouritism.
29. bias (n): inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group It appears that oxytocin strengthens biases.
30. goodwill (n): helpful, or cooperative feelings or attitude promoting general goodwill
31. subtlety (n): a small but important detail There were signs of these subtleties from the start.
32. take (no) notice of (phr): (not) pay attention; (not) show signs of interest Researchers took no notice of such findings.
33. attuned (to) (adj): receptive or aware making people more attuned to their social environment.
34. perplexing (adj): confusing, baffling, very puzzling Perhaps we should not be surprised that the oxytocin story has become more perplexing.
35. manifest (v): show, demonstrate These basic processes could manifest in different ways.
36.     identify (v): to recognize Most managers can identify the major trends of the day.
37.     profound (adj): serious, showing serious thought and wise ideas recognize the less obvious but profound ways these trends are influencing consumers
38.     aspiration (n): something that you hope to achieve consumers’ aspirations, attitudes, and behaviors
39.     jeopardize (v): to put something in danger of being harmed or damaged They can jeopardize a company by ceding to rivals the opportunity to transform the industry.
40.     engender (v): to cause a feeling or attitude to exist engender new value propositions in their core markets
41.     adept (at) (adj): skillful adept at analyzing and exploiting trends
42.     opulence (n): great wealth or luxuriousness The Coach brand had been a symbol of opulence and luxury for nearly 70 years.
43.     downturn (n): a reduction in economic or business activity the economic downturn of 2008
44.     mindset (n): a way of thinking about things Coach saw the new consumer mindset as an opportunity for innovation and renewal.
45.  commitment (n): a promise to do something, enthusiasm for something the company’s commitment to protecting the environment
46.  augment (v): to increase the size or value of something Tesco has augmented its business with these innovations.
47.  infuse (v): to fill someone or something with an emotion or quality infusing its value proposition with a green streak
48.  incorporate (v): to include something as part of something larger to incorporate elements of a seemingly irrelevant trend into one’s core offerings
49.  apparel (n): clothes of a special type a focus on athletic apparel
50.  reinvigorate (v): to strengthen something or someone The infuse-and-augment strategy will allow you to reinvigorate the category.

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